CHAPTER 1: Fundamental Analysis: An introduction 

  • What is fundamental analysis?
  • Why is fundamental analysis relevant for investing? – Efficient Market Hypothesis (EMH), Arguments against   EMH, Does fundamental analysis work?
  • Steps in Fundamental Analysis

CHAPTER: 2 Brushing up the Basics 

  • Concept of “Time value of Money”
  • Interest Rates and Discount Factors – Opportunity cost, Risk-Fr ee Rate, Equity Risk Premium, the Beta, Risk Adjusted Return (Sharpe Ratio)

CHAPTER 3: Understanding Financial Statements 

  • Where can one find financial statements – The Director’s Report, The Auditor’s Report, Financial Statements: Balance Sheet, Income Statements, Schedules and Notes to the Accounts, Cash Flow Statement
  • Financial Statement Analysis and Forensic Accounting
  • Comparative and Common-size financial statements
  • Financial Ratios
  • Du-Pont Analysis
  • Cash Conversion Cycle
  • The Satyam case and need for forensic accounting

CHAPTER 4: Valuation Methodologies 

  • Top-Down valuation (EIC Analysis) – Economy, Industry, Company
  • Discounted Cash Flow (DCF) Models
  • Dividend Discount Model (DDM)
  • Free Cash Flow to Firm (FCFF) and Free Cash Flow to Equity (F CFE) based DCF
  • Some of the parts (SOTP)
  • Price-to-Earnings (PE) ratio
  • Price-to-Book value (PB) ratio
  • Price to Sales (P/S) ratio
  • Special cases of valuation – IPOs, Financial Services firms, net interest margin (NIM), Firms with negative cash flows, Acquisition valuation, distrConceptual Foundations of Financial Statements.
  • The objective of financial reporting;
  • The main assumptions;
  • Qualitative characteristics of financial reporting;
  • Elements of Financial Statements: recognition and measurement;
  • Concepts of capital.

IAS 1 “Presentation of Financial Statements” 

  • Purpose and application of the standard;
  • Components of financial statements, including Report on Equity;
  • Confidence in reporting and compliance with IFRSs;
  • Presentation of Financial Statements.

IAS 7 “Statement of Cash Flows” (CCF) 

  • Purpose and application of the standard. Concepts;
  • The structure of the Cash Flow Statement;
  • Classification of business operations with the objective of CFS;
  • Types of cash flow statement presentation;
  • A direct method for preparation of cash flow statement;
  • The indirect method cash flow statement preparation;
  • Identification of inflows and outflows of cash and cash equivalents provided by the bank’s operations.

IAS 8 “Accounting Policies, Changes in Valuation Calculations and Errors” 

  • Purpose of accounting policies;
  • Changes in accounting policies – a retrospective approach;
  • Reflection in the financial statements of changes in accounting; estimates (prospective approach);
  • Errors in the financial statements and methods of their correction.
  • Elements of Financial Statements of Credit Institutions. 

IAS 32 and 39 “Financial Instruments” 

  • The concept of financial instruments
  • Identification of financial instruments: financial assets and liabilities derivatives: recognition and rejection of the recognition
  • Classification of financial instruments;
  • Valuation of financial instruments: when registering in financial reporting.
  • Follow-up evaluation: should we expect a mortized cost?
  • Accounting for impairment of financial assets;
  • Derecognition of financial instruments;
  • Hedging;
  • Forward contracts, swaps,futures;
  • Non-market interest rates;
  • Practical applications for banks and other financial institutions;
  • Recommendations to the disclosure.

IFRS 7 “Financial Instruments: Disclosures” 

  • Accounting Policies;
  • Profit and loss account;
  • The balance sheet or balance;
  • Statement of cash flows;
  • Statement of changes inequity;
  • Additional disclosures;
  • Basic disclosure requirements for financial instruments;
  • Disclosure of risk management policy;
  • New approaches to disclosure in accordance with IFRS7 “Financial Instruments: Disclosures”.

IAS 16 “Property” 

  • The concept;
  • Criteria and Evaluation;
  • Recognition and initial assessment;
  • Follow-up evaluation;
  • Depreciation;
  • Disposals;

IAS 38 “Intangible Assets” 

  • The concept;
  • Recognition and development cost;
  • Assessment and reassessment;
  • Depreciation; 

IAS 40 “Investment Property”

  • Classification of property;
  • The preparation of financial statements and assessment of investment property.

IAS 36 “Impairment of Assets”

  • Introduction;
  • The procedure fortesting for impairment;
  • The causesof impairment;
  • Definition of cash-generating unit;
  • Calculation of recoverable amount;
  • Restoration of impaired assets;

IFRS 5 “Non-current Assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations” 

  • The criteria for the classification of non-current assets as held for sale;
  • The Group’s assets for retirement;
  • Recognition and measurement.

IAS 17 “Leases” 

  • Types of lease -finance/operating lease;
  • Signs and principles of lease classification;
  • Reflection of the lease in the financial lessor and lessee;
  • Reflection of operating leases in the financial statements of the lessor and lessee;
  • Disclosure

IAS 37 “Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets” 

  • Reserves – Definition, Recognition and Measurement;
  • Evaluation;
  • Creation of reserves (reserves for issued loans, other reserves);
  • Contingent liabilities – the definition and recognition;
  • Contingent assets – the definition and recognition;
  • Disclosure 

IAS 12 “Income Taxes” 

  • Deferred income taxes- a concept:
  • Temporary differences: Temporary taxable differences and deductible temporary differences;
  • Recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities;
  • Calculation of the tax base of the asset and liability;
  • The calculation of deferred taxes on credit operations;
  • Presentation and disclosure of deferred taxes.

IAS 18 “Revenue” 

  • The conditions for recognizing revenue;
  • Recognition of interest income.

IAS 19 “Employee Benefits” 

  • Identification of fixed payment of pension plans by the employer groups and plans with defined contribution;
  • Recognition and measurement of pension plans, defined contribution and defined benefit;
  • Reflection of pension plans in accounting, financial statements and notes to the accounts.

IFRS 2 “Share-based payments instruments” 

  • The concept of payment based on the equity instruments;
  • Evaluation of the transaction at fair value;
  • The difference between the operations, which offer payments using the shares settled in cash and equity instruments;
  • Disclosure in financial reporting.
  • Additional Disclosure of Information 

IAS 34 “Interim Financial Reporting” 

  • The scope of IAS 34;
  • Definitions and minimum of the interim reporting;
  • Information to be included in the notes to the interim financial statements;
  • The period to provide the interim financial statements;
  • Disclosure of estimates of the interim financial statements in annual reports, if in the final period of assessment has changed;
  • Accounting policies for interim reporting;
  • Seasonal income, non-uniform costs and the use of estimates in interim financial statements.

IFRS 8 “Operating Segments” 

  • Definitions of industry and geographical segments;
  • Primary and secondary format for segment information;
  • Financial performance, requiring disclosure in respect of primary segment format;
  • Information about the format of the secondary;
  • Criteria for selection of segments for presentation in financial statements;
  • The accounting policies of the segment.

IAS 33 “Earnings per Share” 

  • Calculation of earnings per share in accordance with IAS 33;
  • Earnings per share in the event of the year preferential issue or stock split;
  • Calculation for the placement of shares at a premium and with the release of rights;
  • The calculation of diluted earnings per share and issue convertible debtor preferred stock;
  • Issuance of stock options and warrants on shares;
  • Identify the circumstances under which an effect of increasing earnings per share;
  • Conversion of comparative data on earnings per share;
  • Additional disclosures about earnings per share.

IAS 10 “Events after the Balance Sheet Date” 

  • Definition of subsequent events- corrective and non-adjusting (the algorithm to reflect events after the reporting date);
  • Recognition of adjusting events;
  • Inclusion in the reporting of non-adjusting events;
  • Disclosure of information about events after the reporting date.

IAS 21 “Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates” 

  • Identification of the functional currency;
  • Assessment at initial recognition of foreign currency transactions;
  • Recognition of exchange differences;
  • Select the presentation currency;
  • How to convert statements into the presentation currency, the current and historical.

IAS 24 “Disclosure of Information of Related Party” 

  • The purpose and scope of thestandard;
  • Key Concepts;
  • Criteria for determining related parties;
  • The disclosure requirements for related party;
  • An example disclosure of information of related party.
  • The Financial Statements of Associated Companies and Joint Ventures 

IFRS 3 “Business Combinations” 

  • Identification of acquirer;
  • Identification of the date of purchase;
  • Determining the value of combining;
  • Average cost of the combination to the identifiable assets, liabilities and contingent liabilities;
  • Determining the amount of goodwill and minority interest;
  • Basic requirements for disclosure.

IAS 27 “Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements” 

  • Definition of subsidiaries;
  • Identification of associates and joint ventures;
  • Presentation of the consolidated financial statements;
  • The procedure and method of consolidation;
  • Reflection of investments in subsidiaries, associates and jointly controlled entities in the separate financial statements (IAS 28, IAS31);
  • Basic requirements for disclosure.essed companies